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ДОСТИЖЕНИЯ В ОБЛАСТИ ПОЛУЧЕНИЯ ВОДОРОДА БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИМ ПУТЕМ

https://doi.org/10.15518/isjaee.2017.22-24.083-098

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Аннотация

Технология биологического получения водорода предлагает метод использования возобновляемых источников энергии, таких как биомасса, в производстве экологически чистых энергоносителей для всеобщего применения. Эти методы стали предметом обширных исследований по водородной тематике, среди которых: создание генетически модифицированного микроорганизма, метаболическая инженерия, усовершенствование конструкции реактора, применение сплошных матриц для иммобилизации целых клеток, биореактор для проведения биохимических процессов, разработка двухэтапных процессов и т.д. – в целях повышения производительности. По некоторым оценкам, максимальный выход водорода составляет 7,1 моль H2/моль глюкозы. Тем не менее невысокий выход водорода наряду с низкой скоростью производства являются основными препятствиями для коммерциализации этих процессов. Для эффективной обработки отходов, как правило, сложных по своей природе, требуются соответствующие микробные культуры, что может иметь двойное назначение: производство чистой энергии и биоремедиация. Масштабные исследования ферментативных способов получения водорода показали хорошие результаты. Изучение процесса фотоферментации на опытных установках требуют, по мнению авторов, более пристального внимания. Использование более дешевого сырья и эффективных методов биотехнологического получения водорода позволит в ближайшем будущем конкурировать этим технологиям с традиционными способами получения H2.

 

Об авторах

Д. Дас
Индийский институт технологии в Харагпуре
Индия
кафедра биотехнологии, д-р наук (биоэнергетика), профессор, старший преподаватель


Т. Н. Везироглу
Институт чистой энергии, Университет Майами
Соединённые Штаты Америки
д-р наук (теплообмен), про- фессор, президент Международной ассоциации водородной энергетики


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Для цитирования:


Дас Д., Везироглу Т.Н. ДОСТИЖЕНИЯ В ОБЛАСТИ ПОЛУЧЕНИЯ ВОДОРОДА БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИМ ПУТЕМ. Альтернативная энергетика и экология (ISJAEE). 2017;(22-24):83-98. https://doi.org/10.15518/isjaee.2017.22-24.083-098

For citation:


Das D., Veziroglu T.N. ADVANCES IN BIOLOGICAL HYDROGEN PRODUCTION PROCESSES. Alternative Energy and Ecology (ISJAEE). 2017;(22-24):83-98. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.15518/isjaee.2017.22-24.083-098

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