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Выделение водорода из водного раствора гидразин-бисборана

https://doi.org/10.15518/isjaee.2019.28-33.023-035

Полный текст:

Аннотация

В статье рассматривалась возможность использования водного раствора гидразин-бисборана (ГББ) H3B– N2H4–BH3 в качестве жидкого материала для химического хранения водорода (H) в условиях полного дегидрирования раствора в мягкой среде. Авторами впервые в научной литературе описан процесс дегидрирования водного раствора ГББ, проявляющего неустойчивость в воде. В щелочной среде степень устойчивости оказалась еще ниже, что обусловлено образованием неустойчивого промежуточного соединения [H3BOH] – . Установлено, что посредством металлических катализаторов гидролиз производных борана BH3 ускоряется, при этом наиболее активным оказался биметаллический катализатор на основе NiPt, способствующий, кроме того, разложению молекулы N2H4. Лучшие показатели кинетики отмечены в ходе реакции в щелочной среде при температуре 70 °C. При этом происходит неполное дегидрирование с максимальным значением конверсии 80 %, причина которого, к сожалению, пока не ясна. Несмотря на этот и ряд других вопросов, которые могут появиться в дальнейшем, авторы пришли к выводу, что раствор ГББ может быть использован в качестве жидкого материала для химического хранения водорода.

Об авторах

Э. Петит
Европейский институт мембран IEM, UMR 5635 (CNRS-ENSCM-UM2) Университет Монпелье
Франция

Эдди Петит инженер-химик, эксперт по аналитическим методам

E. Bataillon, F-34095, Монпелье, Франция



У. Б. Демирчи
Европейский институт мембран IEM, UMR 5635 (CNRS-ENSCM-UM2) Университет Монпелье
Франция

Умит Б. Демирчи д-р физ.-хим. наук., профессор в Университете Монпелье; помощник редактора International Journal of Hydrogen Energy (Elsevier)

E. Bataillon, F-34095, Монпелье, Франция



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Для цитирования:


Петит Э., Демирчи У.Б. Выделение водорода из водного раствора гидразин-бисборана. Альтернативная энергетика и экология (ISJAEE). 2019;(28-33):23-35. https://doi.org/10.15518/isjaee.2019.28-33.023-035

For citation:


Petit E., Demirci U.B. Hydrogen Release from Aqueous Hydrazine Bisborane. Alternative Energy and Ecology (ISJAEE). 2019;(28-33):23-35. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.15518/isjaee.2019.28-33.023-035

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