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Альтернативная энергетика и экология (ISJAEE)

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О некоторых теоретических и экспериментальных (STM, STS, HREELS/LEED, PES, ARPS, Raman spectroscopy) данных по сорбции водорода графеновыми наноматериалами в связи с проблемами чистой энергетики

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Аннотация

Представлены результаты термодинамического анализа ряда теоретических и экспериментальных (TDS, STM, STS, HREELS/LEED, PES, ARPS, Raman spectroscopy и др.) данных по «обратимому» гидрированию и дегидрированию некоторых графеновых (моно- и полислойных) наноструктур. В рамках приближения формальной кинетики для реакций первого порядка определены термодинамические характеристики процессов сорбции водорода этими наноструктурами (константы скорости, энергии активации, предэкспоненциальные факторы констант скорости). При интерпретации полученных термодинамических характеристик использованы некоторые модели и характеристики химической сорбции водорода на базальной и краевых поверхностях графита с целью раскрытия атомных механизмов гидрирования и дегидрированию различных графеновых (моно- и полислойных) наноструктур. Рассмотрена кинетика как сорбционных процессов, в которых не лимитирует диффузионный массоперенос водорода в сорбенте, так и процессов с лимитирующей диффузионной стадией. Рассматриваются также некоторые «открытые вопросы» и перспективы решения актуальной проблемы эффективного хранения водорода «на борту» экоавтомобиля и ряда других проблем чистой энергетики на основе использования графитовых нановолокон.

Об авторе

Ю. С. Нечаев
ЦНИИчермет им. И.П. Бардина; Институт металловедения и физики металлов им. Г.В. Курдюмова
Россия


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Для цитирования:


Нечаев Ю.С. О некоторых теоретических и экспериментальных (STM, STS, HREELS/LEED, PES, ARPS, Raman spectroscopy) данных по сорбции водорода графеновыми наноматериалами в связи с проблемами чистой энергетики. Альтернативная энергетика и экология (ISJAEE). 2014;(17):33-56.

For citation:


Nechaev Y.S. On some theoretical and experimental (STM, STS, HREELS/LEED, PES, ARPS & Raman spectroscopy) data on hydrogen sorption with graphene-layers nanomaterials, relevance to the clean energy applications. Alternative Energy and Ecology (ISJAEE). 2014;(17):33-56. (In Russ.)

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