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Системы аварийного электроснабжения на основе воздушно-водородных топливных элементов: современное состояние и перспективы

Полный текст:

Аннотация

В работе рассмотрены технические характеристики, условия работы, преимущества и недостатки различных систем аварийного электроснабжения. Показано, что аварийные системы на основе воздушно-водородных топливных элементов обладают наибольшей эффективностью, особенно при работе на удаленных объектах мобильной связи и телекоммуникаций. Проанализированы среднесрочные прогнозы в области разработки и использования таких аварийных систем, включая прогнозы цен на топливные элементы, на получение, хранение и доставку водорода. Показано, что в ближайшие 3-5 лет стоимость аварийных систем на топливных элементах мощностью 1-5 кВт будет составлять 3000-10000 долларов, в зависимости от мощности и энергоемкости.

Об авторах

А. А. Томасов
Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение науки Физико-технический институт им. А.Ф. Иоффе Российской академии наук
Россия


Н. К. Зеленина
Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение науки Физико-технический институт им. А.Ф. Иоффе Российской академии наук
Россия


С. А. Гуревич
Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение науки Физико-технический институт им. А.Ф. Иоффе Российской академии наук
Россия


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Для цитирования:


Томасов А.А., Зеленина Н.К., Гуревич С.А. Системы аварийного электроснабжения на основе воздушно-водородных топливных элементов: современное состояние и перспективы. Альтернативная энергетика и экология (ISJAEE). 2014;(4):10-25.

For citation:


Tomasov A.A., Zelenina N.K., Gurevich S.A. Emergency backup systems on air - hydrogen fuel cells: current status and prospects. Alternative Energy and Ecology (ISJAEE). 2014;(4):10-25. (In Russ.)

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