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О термодинамических характеристиках гидрированных моно - и полиграфеновых наноструктур в связи с проблемой хранения водородав эко-автомобилях с топливными элементами

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Аннотация

Рассматриваются аналитические результаты определения характеристик и механизмов термодинамической стабильности и соответствующих термодинамических характеристик ряда гидрированных моно- и полислойных графеновых наноструктур, а именно: 1) гидрированный (с обеих сторон) графен состава CH (теоретический графан и экспериментальный графан); 2) теоретический гидрированный (с одной из сторон) графен состава CH; 3) теоретический гидрированный (с одной из сторон) графен состава C2H (графон); 4) экспериментальные гидрированные эпитаксиальный графен, двухслойный эпитаксиальный графен и многослойный эпитаксиальный графен (на SiO2 или другой подложке); 5) экспериментальные и теоретические гидрированные углеродные однослойные нанотрубки и экспериментальный гидрированный фуллерен C60H36; 6) экспериментальные графеновые поверхностные «наноблистеры», гидрированные с их внутренней стороны (до графанового состава) и содержащие «интерколированный» газообразный молекулярный водород высокого давления, образующиеся на поверхности высоко ориентированного пиролитического графита (HOPG) или эпитаксиального графена при их обработке атомарным газообразным водородом; 7) экспериментальные гидрированные (до графанового состава) графитовые нановолокна с «интерколированными» в них нанообластями твердого (или жидкого) молекулярного водорода с высокой плотностью, что связано с разработкой прорывной нанотехнологии хранения водорода в эко-автомобилях с топливными элементами и другими проблемами водородной энергетики.

Об авторе

Ю. С. Нечаев
ФГУП «ЦНИИчермет им. И.П. Бардина»; Институт металловедения и физики металлов им. Г.В. Курдюмова
Россия


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Для цитирования:


Нечаев Ю.С. О термодинамических характеристиках гидрированных моно - и полиграфеновых наноструктур в связи с проблемой хранения водородав эко-автомобилях с топливными элементами. Альтернативная энергетика и экология (ISJAEE). 2014;(10):27-55.

For citation:


Nechaev Y.S. On thermodynamic characteristics of hydrogenated graphene-based nanostructures, relevance to the problem of the hydrogen storage in fuel-cell-powered ecological vehicles. Alternative Energy and Ecology (ISJAEE). 2014;(10):27-55. (In Russ.)

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